Mastering Laravel Pagination

Mastering Laravel Pagination

Pagination is a critical feature for web applications, enhancing user experience by breaking down large data sets into manageable chunks. Laravel simplifies the implementation of pagination through its built-in paginate() method. This article will guide you through the process of setting up and customizing pagination in Laravel, ensuring a smooth and efficient user experience.

Setting Up Pagination in Laravel

Installing Laravel

Before diving into pagination, ensure you have Laravel installed. If not, you can install it using Composer:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel myApp

Check out our How to Install Laravel article for more in-depth instructions!

Setting Up a Database and Creating a Model

Configure your .env file with your database details:


Our How to Configure the Laravel .env for a Database article explains the process more in-depth.

Run the migration to create a table:

php artisan make:migration create_posts_table --create=posts

Edit the migration file to include the necessary columns:

Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

Run the migration:

php artisan migrate

Create a model for the posts table:

php artisan make:model Post

Basic Usage of paginate()

Explanation of the paginate() Method

The paginate() method is part of Laravel’s Eloquent ORM. It simplifies fetching a limited set of records from the database and automatically generates links for navigating through the pages. It works seamlessly with Eloquent models and queries, making it easy to implement pagination in your application.

The method accepts an integer parameter, which specifies the number of records to be displayed per page. For instance, Post::paginate(10) will fetch 10 records per page from the posts table.

Example: Paginating a List of Records

Let’s go through a step-by-step example of paginating a list of records.

Step 1: Create a Controller

First, create a controller to handle the logic. You can use the Artisan command to generate the controller:

php artisan make:controller PostController

Open the newly created PostController and add the following code to the index method:

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Post;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class PostController extends Controller
    public function index()
        $posts = Post::paginate(10);
        return view('posts.index', compact('posts'));

In this code, Post::paginate(10) fetches 10 records from the posts table. The resulting Paginator instance is passed to the view named posts.index.

Step 2: Create a Route

Next, define a route that maps to the index method of the PostController. Open the routes/web.php file and add the following line:

use App\Http\Controllers\PostController;

Route::get('/posts', [PostController::class, 'index']);

This route will handle GET requests to /posts and invoke the index method of PostController.

Step 3: Create a Blade Template

Create a Blade template to display the paginated results. Create a new file named index.blade.php inside the resources/views/posts directory:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>Laravel Pagination</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="" />
    <script src="" ></script>
<div class="container mt-5">
    <h1>Laravel Pagination Example</h1>
    <table class="table table-bordered">
            @foreach($posts as $post)
                <td>{{ $post->id }}</td>
                <td>{{ $post->title }}</td>
                <td>{{ $post->body }}</td>
    {!! $posts->links() !!}

Step 4: Displaying Paginated Results

In the Blade template, we loop through the $posts collection and display each post’s ID, title, and body in a table. The {!! $posts->links() !!} directive renders the pagination links, which are automatically generated by Laravel.

Example Breakdown

  1. Controller: Fetches paginated data from the database using paginate().
  2. Route: Defines a URL that triggers the controller method.
  3. Blade Template: Displays the paginated data and renders the pagination links.

Customizing Pagination Links

Laravel uses the Tailwind CSS framework by default for pagination styling. If you’re using a different CSS framework or want to customize the appearance of pagination links, you can publish the pagination views and modify them.

Publish the pagination views:

php artisan vendor:publish --tag=laravel-pagination

This command copies the pagination views to resources/views/vendor/pagination, where you can edit them as needed.

Changing the Number of Items Per Page

You can easily change the number of items displayed per page by passing a different value to the paginate() method:

$posts = Post::paginate(20);

Customizing the Pagination View

Laravel allows you to customize the appearance of pagination links by using different views. You can specify the view to be used with the links() method:

{!! $posts->links('vendor.pagination.bootstrap-4') !!}

You can create your custom pagination view in the resources/views/vendor/pagination directory if needed.

Advanced Pagination Features

Using simplePaginate()

The simplePaginate() method is a lightweight alternative to paginate(), providing a simple “Next” and “Previous” navigation without calculating the total number of pages. It’s useful for large datasets where performance is a concern.

$posts = Post::simplePaginate(10);

Adding Filters to Paginated Results

You can add filters to your paginated results by modifying the query before calling the paginate() method:

$posts = Post::where('category', 'Tech')->paginate(10);

Pagination with Relationships

Paginating Related Models

Paginating related models is straightforward with Laravel. For example, to paginate comments for a post:

$post = Post::find($id);
$comments = $post->comments()->paginate(10);

return view('posts.comments', compact('post', 'comments'));

In your Blade template, display the comments and pagination links:

@foreach($comments as $comment)
    <p>{{ $comment->body }}</p>

{!! $comments->links() !!}

Handling Large Datasets

Efficient Pagination Strategies for Large Datasets

For very large datasets, cursorPaginate() offers a more efficient approach by using database cursors instead of offset/limit pagination.

$posts = Post::cursorPaginate(10);

This method reduces the overhead of counting the total number of records.

Customizing URL Parameters

Customizing Query String Parameters for Pagination

You can customize the query string parameters used in pagination links. For example, to append custom parameters:

$posts = Post::paginate(10)->appends(['sort' => 'title']);

Customizing the Page Parameter

You can also customize the page parameter if needed:

$posts = Post::paginate(10)->withPath('custom-page');

Error Handling in Pagination

Handling Empty Pages

When dealing with pagination, you might encounter empty pages. Redirecting users to a valid page or displaying a custom message can enhance the user experience:

public function index(Request $request)
    $page = $request->input('page', 1);
    $posts = Post::paginate(10);

    if ($posts->isEmpty() && $page > 1) {
        return redirect()->route('posts.index', ['page' => $posts->lastPage()]);

    return view('posts.index', compact('posts'));

Handling Invalid Page Numbers

Handling invalid page numbers ensures users are not stuck on a non-existent page:

public function index(Request $request)
    $page = $request->input('page', 1);
    $posts = Post::paginate(10);

    if ($page > $posts->lastPage()) {

    return view('posts.index', compact('posts'));

Testing Pagination

Testing pagination ensures your implementation works as expected. Here’s how to write tests for pagination:

public function testPaginationDisplaysCorrectNumberOfItems()
    $response = $this->get('/posts?page=1');
    $response->assertSeeText('10 items');

public function testPaginationLinks()
    $response = $this->get('/posts?page=1');


In this article, we’ve explored how to use Laravel’s paginate() method to efficiently handle large datasets and enhance user experience. By understanding the basics and advanced features of pagination, you can customize and optimize it for your application’s needs. For further reading, check out Laravel’s official documentation and explore additional customization options.

Implementing pagination ensures your users can navigate through data effortlessly, providing a smooth and engaging experience. Happy coding!

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Derrell Willis
Derrell Willis Manager, Developer Relations

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