How To Read Man Pages in Linux

Often, when working on your server, or even while working on your local workstation, you will need to refer to some documentation. You may need to remind yourself of a command line option, or a certain built-in utility you need to use. Most of time, you may find your answer with a search engine. But Read More >

How To Install RubyGems On Linux

RubyGems is a popular package manager for the Ruby programming language. RubyGems allows you to download and manage “gems”, or software packets, that you can use in your own Ruby programs. Many Ruby programs, like the Jekyll content management system are actually gems, and the plugins you can use for Jekyll are also gems. Installing Read More >

How To Use The `locate` Utility In Linux

Do you need to locate a specific file in your file system? Over many years of managing your server, you will likely find that working on the command line gives you flexibility, comfort, and speed in attending to your regular tasks. And this is very well demonstrated in the various search functions that come with Read More >

How to Install Python 3.9 on CentOS 7

One of the most popular programming languages is Python, used in everything from low-level scripting to high-level application development. As of 2020, Python 3 has taken the place of its predecessor, Python 2. Python 3 can be installed on most modern operating systems, including Windows and CentOS. In this article, we will outline how to Read More >

How to Create a Sudo User in Debian 10

There are many reasons why you may prefer to create a sudo user in your Debian system as an alternative to the root user for your cloud VPS or bare metal server hosting. For initial installation and system configuration, and depending on your comfort level, using the root user is a quick and easy way Read More >

How to Create a Sudo User in Ubuntu 20

In this article, you will learn how to create a new user with “sudo” privileges in Ubuntu 20 as an alternative to using your root user account. This is an ideal procedure for VPS host, dedicated server host, or bare metal server hosting. Why Create a Sudo User? Your cloud server VPS gives you instant Read More >

unrar and rar Commands

unrar is a command line application for extracting compressed Roshal Archive (.rar) files on *nix-based operating systems. 7-Zip, PeaZip, and GNOME Archive Manager are good graphical applications for managing compressed files on desktop systems. But depending on your workflow, you may need a solution available on your Linux VPS. Note that the terminal application is Read More >

How To Shuffle Text and Numbers In Linux Using `shuf`

Your Linux system comes pre-loaded with many helpful command line utilities. Some of these are commonly used and mentioned, like cat, grep, or diff. But there are many more utilities hidden in your system that might be of use to you. A good working knowledge of command line utilities can help you write small, efficient Read More >

How To Use the “Info” System

Info is a powerful terminal-based documentation reader that you can use an alternative to, or in addition to, man pages and Linux help pages. Instead of searching Google every time you have a question, get to know the info system and you can find your own answers from the best source: the documentation itself. So Read More >

How To Install MariaDB on Ubuntu 20

The popular MariaDB relational database service is a great drop-in replace for MySQL, and all of the commands you’re accustomed in MySQL should work perfectly in MariaDB. Or, if you are installing a relational database application for the first time, MariaDB is a great choice. It does all the things MySQL does just as well Read More >

Install MySQL on Debian 10 Cloud Server

MySQL is the leading database application for running thousands of apps across the web every day. And more than remote services, MySQL can be used locally with all sorts of popular database management apps. MySQL (or other open source variations) is widely supported and required to run many of the most popular web apps and Read More >

How to Transfer and Backup Files With Rsync

Rsync is a powerful tool for copying files to and from remote servers or between various networks machines. You can use it for copying files locally, or to backup your files to your remote server. You can also use it as a command line replacement for FTP when transferring your website files to a server. Read More >

Essential Cloud Server Tools and Projects

When first starting out with your own cloud server, you might feel overwhelmed by all the freedom. You don’t have a cPanel or convenient interface for managing your server, but you do have a wide variety of cloud server tools at your disposal. You have to install and configure all the apps and services you’ll Read More >

How to Compare Files With Diff

There are an infinite number of situations in which you will be required to compare two files to see where they are the same or different. This is especially important when managing multiple configuration files in a VPS web server. You can analyze each file yourself line by line, but that could take a ridiculously Read More >

Why Is Grep Returning No Matches?

The grep (“go to regular expression and print”) command line utility is one of the most important programs in your Unix toolkit, and indispensable when managing linux VPS servers. Grep is a powerful search tool that can help you find patterns in critical files (and directories). It can also search recursively within multiple files to Read More >

Can I Create Symlinks in My Hosting Account?

Can I create symlinks in my hosting account? This article will go in depth in answering this question. Symbolic links, or “symlinks,” are an important part of your every day Unix-like operating system. They provide you with an easy way of directing information and output to different files in your system. Naturally, creating symlinks may Read More >

Print Command Line Output With `pr` Power

The pr program provides an invaluable command line utility that paginates your formatted text output for print. Paginating your ouput can be helpful if you need to print your text results for reference, review, or some other purpose. With pr any text output you can produce on a command line can be properly formatted for Read More >

How to Check Disk Space Usage with the df Command

It’s important to always be aware of resource usage in your cloud VPS. Without a cPanel or other graphical user interfaces (GUIs) you need how to monitor your system on the command line. This is not difficult, and actually many users prefer to work this way. Once you get used to it, command line work Read More >