What is Headless Commerce?

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Headless commerce is the practice of separating the back-end and front-end aspects of an eCommerce website for the purposes of branding, ease of use, and customizability. In this article we will discuss the difference between front-end and back-end web development and describe how these concepts are used in the context of headless commerce. 

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What is Headless Commerce? 

As mentioned above, headless commerce is an eCommerce architecture that involves separating the back-end and front-end (head) aspects of eCommerce solutions. By configuring a website this way, the back-end of the site can be changed without adversely impacting or changing the front-end in any way. Two popular providers of headless commerce are Shopify and Magento. 

Back-End Web Development

In the context of web design and development, the back-end refers to the system administration tasks that allow a web server and the websites it houses to continue to function. Generally speaking, back-end resources consist of a server, a database, and an application. Tasks such as maintaining database engines, managing system resources, and enacting security measures are all tasks that are considered part of back-end web development. In addition, the underlying code that websites use to function is part of the purview of back-end web development. The exception to this is HTML and CSS, which are primarily used to develop graphical user interfaces for the front-end of websites.

Front-End Web Development

In the context of web development, the front-end refers to the user-facing aspects of a website or web application. This usually consists of the graphical user interface of a website such as menus, interactive images, and methods of navigating the various pages of the site. This largely involves the use of HTML and CSS to create formatted text, images, and page elements. Modern web design platforms such as WordPress perform much of this for the user, providing premade page elements, fonts, and image formats. Through the use of simple drag-and-drop interfaces, users can quickly build a front-end for their web presence without needing to learn the HTML and CSS programming languages. 

Benefits of Headless Commerce

Branding

Through the use of headless commerce, custom layouts and other front-end designs can be utilized without interfering with the operations of the back-end services. This allows for a greater degree of personalization and organization-specific branding than other eCommerce architectures.

Flexibility 

Headless commerce also allows for greater flexibility in terms of workflow. Front-end and back-end web developers can work independently on new features and user experiences without fear of service disruption. This is advantageous for any organization looking to develop both front-end and back-end eCommerce assets simultaneously. 

Speed

By decoupling the front-end of an eCommerce website from the back-end resources, changes can be made to the front-end much more quickly without impacting the back-end. This means you can perform the required updates without needing to consult a different development team first, saving everyone time. 

Consistency

Since you have total control over the front-end with headless commerce, you can create a consistent user experience across the board. This makes it easier for users to navigate your eCommerce site and purchase the items they want.

Headless eCommerce Solutions

Now that we’ve reviewed the concept of headless commerce and explored some of its benefits, it should be clear why headless commerce is a preferred solution for some eCommerce websites.

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