InMotion Technical Glossary
You will undoubtedly hear our technicians use some words that are completely foreign to you when interacting with them. It is not their intention to use words that you may not understand, it is simply normal everyday language to them. Our articles, though we try to keep things in more layman's terms, may also contain some technical jargon. Here is where you can find out what all those terms mean. Below is a list of some of the more common terms used in the web design, development and hosting industries.
Addon domain - A website on your hosting account that is separate from your primary domain. For example, if your primary domain is abc.com and you also have another site named xyz.com, then xyz.com is an addon domain.
Backlink - A backlink is a link to your website from another website. It is also a link on your website that leads to another website. If the content is relevant, Google believes that the more backlinks a site has pointing to it, the more authoritative it is and the higher it MAY go in their ranking.
Bandwidth - This is the amount of data that the your account uses on your account. It is for both incoming and outgoing data. For example, if you upload a 1MB file to your site and someone downloads that same file, the bandwicth count will have increased by 2MB (1MB for the upload, and 1MB for the download).
Client - For internet and web browsing purposes, the client is the physical computer or device which the user is using to access the web.
Client software - Client software is a program or application that is installed on the client device. An example is a web browser such as FireFox or Chrome.
CMS - An acronym for Content Management System.
cPanel - cPanel is software that allows a hosting customer manage and maintain their hosting account. cPanel is short for 'control panel'.
Document Root - This is the base folder for your all the site files on your account. By default, your document root for your primary domain is public_html. Subdomains and addon domains have their own document root folders as well. Subdomains such as subdomain.example.com would have a document root of public_html/subdomain and addon domains, such as exampl2.com would have a document root of public_html/example2.com.
Domain - A Domain, also called a 'domain name' is the name of the website. This is purchased separately from the hosting space.
Dynamic - Dynamic means the ability to change, or always changing. Dynamic sites are types of sites that may change appearance based on user interaction. Other sites may have content that displays at different times or even geographic location. Sites that are designed with this type of ability are said to be dynamic.
E-commerce - E-commerce refers to doing business over the internet, such as having a storefront on your website.
FTP - An acronym for File Transer Protocol.
File Transfer Protocol - A common method of uploading and downloading files to and from a web hosting server. It is commonly accomplished by using a third party FTP client, such as FileZilla.
GUI - Pronounced "Gooey", it is short for Graphical User Interface. A GUI is anything that is not a command line interface. PCs mostly use Windows, which gives nice graphical icons, phones and tablets also use specific layouts with icons. Things without a GUI are usually very simple like a command prompt.
Host - A host is a company that rents server space for a customer to place a website.
Inode - An inode is a data structure holding information about files in a Unix file system. There is an inode for each file and a file is uniquely identified by the file system on which it resides and its unique inode number on that system.
Keylogger - A program that records the keystrokes made on a computer. Though they can be used by companies for security, they are most commonly known as being inserted on an unsuspecting computer via malware to record information such as usernames and passwords.
Latency - Latency is the measure of time it takes for a data packet to move across a network. It is often looked at when trying to troubleshoot slow website response issues.
Malware - Malware (MALicious softWARE) is a general term that refers to software programs that were unwillingly installed onto a client computer. They most often are used to insert spam ads or to try and extract information such as passwords. Viruses, worms, and spyware are common types of malware.
Node - A generic term used in the Drupal CMS that means an item of content. This can be a post, page, article, book page, etc.
Open Source - Open Source means that a software's source code is freely available to the public. This code can be modified and changd to meet your own needs. Most Open Source software is free.
Permalink - Short for Permanent Link. Most often used by blogs to give a URL for specific posts or articles.
Queue - A queue is a simply a list. The term is often seen when referring to an email queue, where emails are waiting for the server to send them out.
Recursive - Repeating. When a php.ini file is set to be recursive, it functions for all folders underneath the one in which it is located.
SEO - An acronymn for Search Engine Optimization.
Server side - Server side is a term used to describe an action or a program that runs on the physical web server.
Spam - Spam is the term for digitl junk mail. This is most commonly emails that are for products that you did not ask to receive.
Spammer - One who sends spam.
Static - Regarding websites, static means unchanging. A static webpage will always display the same content. It also does not have any user interaction. HTML pages are typically static pages.
Traceroute - A test that is run to test the pathway from the one computer to another. It is often used to check the route and look for routing problems when trying to get from a client computer to the hosting server.
Username - A name that is unique and identifies an account on a computer system.
VPS - Virtual Private Server. A type of hosting that is a hybrid of shared and dedicated hosting. VPS has a small number of people on a physical server like a shared but each have control over their entire environment like a dedicated server.
Web Browser - A web browser is a program on an individual computer, tablet, or phone that reads and displays website content. Some of the more popular web browsers are FireFox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Safari.
WHM - Short for Web Host manager, this is the dashboard where one manages multiple cPanels and other administrative tasks on a VPS, Dedicated server, or Reseller account.
Zip - A type of file compression, where files are optimized to make them smaller in size.